Chapters 7 handout

Chapters 7 handout - Today’s Objectives Today’s Any...

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Unformatted text preview: Today’s Objectives Today’s Any questions? Chapter 6 – Differential reinforcement Questions/Thoughts/Comments? Differential Reinforcement Differential Uses reinforcement to decrease the Uses frequency of some behavior (The use of reinforcement and extinction together) reinforcement Procedures for reinforcing one set of Procedures responses and withholding reinforcement for another set of responses for – With plain reinforcement, just want to increase With the frequency of the behavior, but don’t care about the details about – In plain reinforcement, the unreinforced In Advantages of Differential Reinforcement Reinforcement Can be used to reduce the frequency of Can behavior with out using punishment behavior Can foster a prosocial behavior at the same Can time it is reducing the frequency of a problem behavior problem Puts the problem behavior on extinction at Puts the same time as increasing a pro-social behavior behavior Differential Reinforcement: Examples Examples Reinforcing screaming (with attention) but Reinforcing not reinforcing plain old crying not Reinforcing “smart” responses but Reinforcing extinguishing “non-smart” responses extinguishing Reinforcing sitting-in-seat behavior bu Reinforcing extinguishing “Disruptive behavior” extinguishing Types of Differential Reinforcement Schedules Reinforcement Differential reinforcement of low rates (DRL): – Reinforcement only occurs if responding is at a specified low Reinforcement rate rate – Ex: Only reinforce hand-raising if occurs at a specified low Ex: rate rate – Ex: student in class raises hand a lot,, answering or raising Ex: at to high of a rate at Professor will ignore or say “lets find an answer from someone else” Professor etc. etc. Types of Differential Reinforcement Schedules Reinforcement Differential reinforcement of other behavior (DRO): – Reinforcement for any behavior OTHER THAN the problem Reinforcement behavior behavior – Also called Differential Reinforcement of zero behavior – Ex: Reinforce any other behavior besides self-injurious Ex: behavior behavior – Ex: Swimming and your doing the butterfly stroke wrong Reinforce every thing else except that (diving in, kick form..etc) It can be verbalized that this is what you are doing Types of Differential Reinforcement Schedules Reinforcement Differential reinforcement of incompatible behavior Differential (DRI): ( a special cause of DRO.. Its more specific) (DRI): – Reinforcement for a behavior incompatible (cant do both at Reinforcement the same time) with the problem behavior the – Ex: Reinforce “good” lifting form which is incompatible with Ex: “bad” lifting form “bad” – Ex: butterfly stroke again. Reinforce good form and not bad Ex: form form Advantages of Differential Reinforcement Reinforcement Can be used to reduce the frequency of Can behavior without using punishment or extinction extinction Can foster a prosocial behavior at the same Can time it is reducing the frequency of a problem behavior problem ...
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