Chapter 11 Handout

Chapter 11 Handout - Today’s Objectives Today’s Any...

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Unformatted text preview: Today’s Objectives Today’s Any questions? Review Chapter 10: Shaping Begin Chapter 11: Chaining Reminders: – Exam #3 November 13th – B-Mod Paper Due November 18th Questions/Thoughts/Comments? What is shaping and why do we use it? we When a behavior is not occuring When we shape in order to introduce it we Chaining Chaining To create a series of behaviors from To different response classes different Each behavior in the chain is a cue (SD) for Each the next response, and a learned reinforcer for the previous behavior for Many examples from real life – Putting on your pants Putting – Tying your shoes – Brushing your teeth – Cleaning your room SD: Verbal prompt Take pants out of SD: drawer [sr/sd] Pants in hand Put on leg in pants [sr/sd] sight of one leg in [sr/sd] pants Put other leg in pants [sr/sd] pants [sr/sd] Sight of both legs in pants Pull pants all the way up [SD] Sight of pants up snap button snap done Do zipper [sr] Pants up/verbal praise [sr] Shaping Versus Chaining Shaping Shaping Several distinctly Several different response classes classes Behavior changes Behavior along a single response dimension dimension Skinner box Skinner examples examples Chaining NO Yes YES NO Increasing the Increasing force of the lever press press Walking toward Walking lever , pressing lever, approaching dipper dipper Training Chaining Training Total Task Presentation – Client attempts the entire task – Generally faster maximizes client independence Generally Backward chaining – Gradually constructing the chain in reverse order – Teach last step first…then teach the steps that Teach proceeded it proceeded Forward chaining – Teaching the initial step first, and then linked with Teaching second step, then the first three, etc.. Until entire chain is built chain Enhancing the effectiveness of chaining chaining Do task analysis Use Prompts Use Modeling first Train the chain Use ample reinforcement Decrease extra help as soon as possible Pitfalls of chaining Pitfalls Sometimes, superfluous behaviors can be Sometimes, accidentally introduced into the chain accidentally – Uh, um, etc. – Grimacing, etc. – You tube videos:Nomar garciaparra, michael You phelps world record 200m fly, bf skinner behaviorism and your superstitious beliefs behaviorism – Become kind of superstitious behavior Superstitious behavior – A behavior that is unrelated to Superstitious Wrap-up Wrap-up Questions/thoughts/comments? Next Time: Chapter 16 ...
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