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Chapters 25 and 26 handouts

Chapters 25 and 26 handouts - Today’s Objectives...

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Unformatted text preview: Today’s Objectives Today’s Any questions? Chapters 25 and 26 – Token Economies What it is Uses conditioned reinforcers Uses Setting up a token economy Examples – Self-management What it is Behavioral excesses and deficits Implementing self-management programs Questions/Thoughts/Comments? Self-management Self-management Is it a problem of “lack of willpower”? Self-management Self-management Behavioral excesses – Immediate reinforcers versus delayed punishers – Immediate reinforcers versus small but Immediate cumulative effects cumulative – Immediate reinforcers versus delayed Immediate reinforcers reinforcers Behavioral deficits – Immediate punishment versus reinforcers that Immediate are cumulatively significant are – Probable versus improbable consequences So how do we deal with selfSo management? Specify problem and goals Make a commitment to change Take data and analyze causes Plan and implement a program – – – – – Modeling Shaping, chaining Start slow Program Reinforcement Take advantage of the Premack principle Traditional View of MOtivation Traditional Many of you probably identified “lack of Many motivation” for a reason why your b-mod project did not work well… project What is “lack of motivation”? What, therefore, is “motivation”? Traditional View of Motivation Traditional What is “motivation”? – Usually thought of as an inner drive that causes Usually behavior behavior Problems with this understanding of Problems motivation motivation – Circular Reasoning – Potentially can lead to blaming – Failure to consider the principle of b-mod Behavioral view of MOtivation Behavioral A better definition Involves manipulating the antecedent Involves conditions associated with a behavior conditions This involves MO’s This – This should be fmailiar Motivating operations : A review Motivating MO’s – Temporarily alter the effectiveness of a Temporarily conseqeuences 9value-altering effect) conseqeuences – Temporarily alter the frequency of behavior that Temporarily normally lead to that consequence (behavior altering effect) altering Types of MO’s – MEO’s (Motivating establishing operation): MEO’s increase the effectiveness of a consequence increase Ex: deprivation (sleeping, eating, oxygen etc) Unconditioned and condition MO’s MO’s Unconditioned MO’s: The value altering Unconditioned effect is unlearned. effect – Examples: satiation of food, deprivation of sleep Conditioned MO’s: The value-altering effect Conditioned is learned through previous experience is – Examples: doing something in order to gain Examples: extra credit, Applications of Motivating Operations Operations Vollmer et al. (1993) My bmod project Drug use Difference enviorments Satiated with non contingent behavior every Satiated ten seconds for all behavior. She was no longer motivated to engage in self injurious behavior because she got attention for everything(satiation) Token Economy Token Relies on principle of conditioned Relies reinforcers Can mediate the time between the behavior Can and the backup reinforcer and Widely used Setting up a Token Economy Setting Classic Example of a Token Economy Economy Wolf et al. (1967) Programming Generality Programming Social reinforcement should gradually Social replace tokens replace Fading can be accomplished by: Wrap-up Wrap-up Questions/thoughts/comments? – Final Exam : 42 multiple choice, 2 short answer ...
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