MOV 470 final powerpoint-1

MOV 470 final powerpoint-1 - WhatisArthritis? Chronic...

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What is Arthritis? Chronic degenerative joint condition h Two Types Osteoarthritis (OA) Rheumatoid arthritis (RA)
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Osteoarthritis Affects diarthrodial joints – Knee and hip h Single disease or many disorders? Primary – aging and heredity Secondary – articular injury h Thinning and decrease in resilience of joint cartilage h Bone thickening h Affect on soft tissue structures
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Who is Affected? More women than men h Increased incidence with age h 30 and older – 6% knee OA, 3% hip OA h 60 and older – 10-20% h Can occur at any age
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Factors in the  development of OA Age Sex Ethnicity h Bone Density h Estrogen levels h Nutritional factors h Genetics
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Other Factors…. Obesity h Joint Injury h Joint Deformity h Participation in athletics h Muscle weakness
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Signs and Symptoms Only manifest after cartilage damage h Lack of nerve endings h Symptoms Joint instability Muscle weakness Fatigue Decreased proprioception and flexibility Pain Localized stiffness
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Effects on General Health Damaged cartilage causes pain in weight-bearing joints h Pain related to weather? h Chronic pain may lead to sleeplessness h Use of devices to ease ADLs
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Continued Effects on Health Diet may be a large contributing factor to OA…obesity h Sleep disorders h Vitamin deficiencies and bone mineral density h Mental and emotional effects of OA Depression Anxiety Frustration Fatigue Side effects of medications
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Potential Limitations Limitations are dependant on… Individuals Location of OA Level and consistency of pain Other health conditions
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Things To Consider
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Things to Consider Cont. Osteoarthritis is a chronic and potentially very debilitating disease. h Subjects will be in pain. Early vs. Late stages.
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This note was uploaded on 05/29/2011 for the course MOV 470 taught by Professor Crawley during the Spring '11 term at Grand Valley State University.

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MOV 470 final powerpoint-1 - WhatisArthritis? Chronic...

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