Fighting The Slave Trade

Fighting The Slave Trade - Brittanie Langford 11/3/09...

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Brittanie Langford 11/3/09 African History: Teshale Essay Fighting the Slave Trade , by Sylviane A . Diouf, is a recollection of the systems and strategies used against the capturing of individuals for servitude in Africa. The book is divided into three parts: defensive strategies, protective strategies, and offensive strategies. Examining these strategies highlight many issues that were present during slave trade, and also promote themes about the dynamics of African societies and civilizations. In the section on defensive strategies Diouf focuses on the main methods of avoiding or hindering capture by raiders in certain regions. The defense systems included hiding, city fortifications, and the manipulation of the environment. Diouf outlines Environmental defense with examples like the Lucastrine Villages in South Benin. The habitat of the Tofinu people allowed them to evade Bornu raiders because they could not operate canoes to reach the Tofinu. A lot of these defense systems were derived on what the people knew about the environment and what they knew about their raiders. For example the Tofinu took advantage of their attackers not having canoe skills by living in a marsh area that was hard for them to reach. Other environmental defense systems included taking refuge in caverns and caves, as documented in areas south of Lake Chad, and seeking refuges in Mountain Ranges and Kagas, a safe haven for the people of North Central Africa between the periods of 1850-1910. Another
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defense system seen in North Central Africa was migration, which Diouf says was “perhaps the most common. The Sao and the Katoko people are illustrations of how city fortifications served as a defense, their cities were surrounded by high walls “The enclosure wall was never straight but very sinuous, and could extend for a few hundred meters or several kilometers,” writes Diouf. ” The Cayor and Baol Kingdoms were representations of mutilating the land because they often would torch their own villages and move out of the area. I think this corresponds with migration also because they had to move around a lot. In the second section Diouf spells out protective strategies used during the slave
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Fighting The Slave Trade - Brittanie Langford 11/3/09...

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