HTNstu - CareoftheClientWith Hypertension/CAD...

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Care of the Client With  Hypertension/CAD
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Normal Physiology  of Blood Pressure Blood Pressure Systolic Diastolic
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Factors That Regulate BP BP is the force exerted by blood against  the blood vessel walls BP is a function of cardiac output (CO)  and systemic vascular resistance (SVR)  Mechanisms that regulate BP can affect  CO, SVR, or both
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Hypertension- What Is It? Sustained elevation of blood pressure Systolic > 140 Diastolic > 90 Elevated readings must be present on at  least 3 occasions
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Etiology Primary Hypertension Elevated BP with NO identifiable cause 90-95% of all cases Several contributing factors Treatment is NOT a cure, but control
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Etiology Secondary Hypertension Elevated BP with a specific cause 5-10% of HTN in adults 80% of HTN in children Multiple underlying causes
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Risk Factors for Hypertension Non-modifiable Age Gender Family history Ethnicity  Modifiable Alcohol use Obesity Tobacco use Sedentary life style Diet  Stress Diabetes 
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Manifestations of HTN Often NOT present! No symptoms!
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HTNstu - CareoftheClientWith Hypertension/CAD...

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