spring10gidrugsupper

spring10gidrugsupper - DrugsAffectingtheUpper GITract Susan...

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Drugs Affecting the Upper  GI Tract Susan Hampson
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Proton Pump Inhibitors Omeprazole (Prilosec) Pharmacotherapeutics Treat heartburn, GERD, gastric, duodenal ulcer Pharmacokinetics Oral route, has enteric coated form Effects of drug last over 24 hours Pharmacodynamics Suppresses gastric enzyme system responsible for last phase of gastric acid production
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Adverse Effects: Omeprazole (Prilosec) COMMON- headache, diarrhea CNS- dizziness, muscle weakness GI- nausea, vomiting, constipation, abdominal pain
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Nursing Implications: Omeprazole Assess pregnancy, lactation status Assess diet, smoking habit Take medication before meal Do NOT crush or chew drug Dosage 20-60 mg per day Patient can use an antacid with this drug
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Anti-ulcer/Protectant: Sucralfate (Carafate) Used to treat duodenal ulcers Forms nonabsorbent paste that adheres to ulcer lesion, promoting healing Constipation is a COMMON adverse effect Should be taken 1 hour before meals and at HS(hours of sleep) Use Carafate 1 hour before or after taking other drugs
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This note was uploaded on 05/30/2011 for the course NUR 212 taught by Professor Susanhampson during the Spring '11 term at St. Xavier.

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spring10gidrugsupper - DrugsAffectingtheUpper GITract Susan...

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