spring10respdrugs

spring10respdrugs - Respiratory System Drugs Susan Hampson...

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Respiratory System Drugs Susan Hampson
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Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease/Asthma Characteristics
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Asthma vs COPD Asthma Chronic Reversible (initially) Hyperresponsive airways Wheezing,cough,chest tightness Unpredictable COPD Includes emphysema and chronic bronchitis Chronic Often NOT reversible Cough is early symptom Progressive dyspnea Sputum production +
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Changes in Airway with Obstructive Diseases
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Prevention/Treatment Measures for COPD and Asthma Reduce environmental exposure to irritants Stop smoking Filter allergens from the air Avoid exposure to known irritants and allergens Open the conducting airways through muscular bronchodilation Decrease the effects of inflammation on the airway lining
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Mucolytic Drugs Break down mucus Help patient cough up thick tenacious secretions
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Mucolytic Drug: Acetylcysteine (Mucomyst) Therapeutic Effects/Uses Break down mucous Help patient cough up thick secretions Antidote for acetaminophen overdose Mode of Action Liquefy and loosen secretions Protect liver from toxic effects of acetaminophen
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Acetylcysteine (Mucomyst): Adverse Effects Bronchospasm, chest tightness Rhinorrhea Stomatitis GI distress
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Acetylcysteine (Mucomyst) Give beta agonist first via inhaler Drug often given by respiratory therapist Warn pt. of odor of drug!! No ETOH use when taking drug
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This note was uploaded on 05/30/2011 for the course NUR 212 taught by Professor Susanhampson during the Spring '11 term at St. Xavier.

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spring10respdrugs - Respiratory System Drugs Susan Hampson...

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