keyconcepts.9-14 - CHAPTER9KEYCONCEPTS Chapter9:...

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CHAPTER 9 KEY CONCEPTS Chapter 9:  Schizophrenia and Related Disorders Names of Disorders                                                             Key features         Schizophrenia, Catatonic Type motor immobility or stupor, mutism,  echolalia Schizophrenia, Paranoid Type auditory hallucinations, delusions Schizophrenia, Residual Type lack of current positive symptoms;  history of an  episode of schizophrenia Prognosis for Schizophrenia Previous good adjustment Acute onset Later age of onset Being female Event as trigger Presence of mood disorder Use of antipsychotic medication Medication compliance Brief duration of symptoms Good functioning between episodes Absence of brain abnormalities Symptoms to Know: delusions hallucinations disorganized speech catatonia negative symptoms positive symptoms Theories related to etiology and/or maintenance of schizophrenic symptoms: Bleuler Brain structure abnormality – cortical atrophy, dopamine hypothesis Genetic – heritability is high Markers of the schizophrenic brain - Impaired cognition; poor attention,  antisaccade eye movements, lack of sensory gating EE – expressed emotion Treatment Concepts:  Biological:  neuroleptics;  concerns regarding tardive dyskinesia, weight gain Behavioral:  token economy regarding bizarre, maladaptive and adaptive  behaviors Social skills training Stress reduction to reduce positive symptoms
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Sociocultural – milieu therapy Biopsychosocial Perspective: Biological predisposition to schizophrenia coupled with environmental events, including interpersonal stressors, contribute to the onset of symptoms of schizophrenia. Behavior based treatments are helpful. Medication is often essential to symptom management. SUMMARY – PAGE 302 CHAPTER 10 KEY CONCEPTS Chapter 10:  Personality Disorders Names of Disorders                                           Key features         Antisocial                                                       disregard for others, violation of the rights of  others                                                                          Deficits in emotional processing
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