3)Nutritional (Fall 2010)

3)Nutritional (Fall 2010) - 8)Nutritional Assessment Larry...

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Unformatted text preview: 8)Nutritional Assessment Larry Meneghini RN MSN Nutritional Assessment Defining Nutritional Status: Refers to the degree of balance between nutrient intake and nutrient requirements What affects nutritional balance? Optimal Nutritional status: achieved when sufficient nutrients are consumed to support day to day body needs Nutritional Assessment Under-nutrition: Occurs when nutritional reserves are depleted or nutrient intake is inadequate to meet day to day needs or added metabolic demands. Whos at risk? Nutritional Assessment Over-nutrition: caused by consumption of calories, sodium, fat in excess of body needs. What causes it? Developmental Considerations Infants and Children: Most rapid growth between birth - 4 mos. in the life cycle Double their birth weight by 4 mos. And triple it by 1 year Increase their length by 50% during the 1 st year and double it by 4 years of age. Infants and children should not drink skim or low fat milk so that proper growth and development occur.. See Appendix C pg.860 Nutritional Assessment Adolescence : Slow in late childhood, but accelerates with hormonal and endocrine changes Caloric demands increase because of bone and muscle mass increase Cannot be met with just 3 meals, Snacks are needed See Appendix C page 860 Nutritional Assessment Pregnancy and Lactation : Sufficient calories, protein, vitamins, and minerals must be consumed Weight gain of 25- 35 lbs. Or 28-40 lbs. for underweight women See Appendix D page 862 Nutritional Assessment Adulthood : Growth and nutrient needs stabilize. Education related to lifestyle changes is the key to preserving health and delaying onset of chronic diseases. (HTN, alcoholism, DM,) Poor physical and mental health, social isolation, alcoholism, limited functional ability, poverty, and polypharmacy all tie in to malnutrition in the Aging Adult...
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3)Nutritional (Fall 2010) - 8)Nutritional Assessment Larry...

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