326 Assessment of the Abdomen

326 Assessment of the Abdomen - Assessment of the Abdomen...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–12. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Assessment of the Abdomen N326
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Abdominal Assessment Anatomy Review Viscera: Houses multiple major internal Organs Solid viscera: maintain characteristic shape Liver and kidneys may be palpable Ovaries palpable during pelvic exam Spleen normally not palpable Hollow viscera: shape depends on contents Usually not palpable: stomach, small intestine, colon, gallbladder, bladder
Background image of page 2
Abdominal Assessment Viscera continued Lined by peritoneal membrane Spaces peritoneal retroperitoneal
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Background image of page 4
Background image of page 5

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Abdominal Assessment;4 quadrants
Background image of page 6
Abdominal Assessment: 4 Quadrants RUQ Liver Gallbladder Duodenum Pancreas head Hepatic flexure of colon LUQ Stomach Spleen L Lobe liver Pancreas body Splenic flexure of colon RLQ Cecum Appendix R ureter R spermatic cord R ovary & Falopian tube Bladder & Uterus Midline Aorta Bladder and uterus LLQ Decending colon Sigmoid L ureter L spermatic cord L ovary & Fallopian tube
Background image of page 7

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Abdominal Assessment Methods: Ensure Relaxation Empty bladder Supine position Arms at sides or chest Drape breasts and pubis Warm hands, stethoscope Short fingernails Deep breathing – muscle relaxation Offer explanation Examine tender areas last Observe patient’s face
Background image of page 8
Abdominal Assessment Developmental Considerations Infants and Children Less muscular, easier to palpate organs More space taken up by liver Bladder located higher Pregnancy Morning sickness Acid indigestion: pyrosis Gastrointestinal motility decreases Constipation Diminished bowel sounds
Background image of page 9

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Abdominal Assessment Developmental Considerations Aging Adult Fat deposits Adipose tissue redistributed Decreased salivation Esophageal/gastric emptying delayed Gastric acid secretion decreases More gallbladder stones Liver size decreases: impaired metabolism Constipation
Background image of page 10
Abdominal Assessment Subjective Data
Background image of page 11

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 12
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Page1 / 37

326 Assessment of the Abdomen - Assessment of the Abdomen...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 12. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online