326 Musculoskeletal Assessment fa10

326 Musculoskeletal Assessment fa10 - Musculoskeletal...

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Musculoskeletal Assessment N326
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Musculoskeletal Assessment Components: bones, joints, muscles Bones Joints Types Synovial Cartilaginous Fibrous Ligaments Muscle to bone Bursa Fluid filled sac, to reduce friction Disc Allows movement of the spine Muscles
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Musculoskeletal Assessment Skeleton u 33 vertebral bodies u 7 cervical u 12 thoracic u 5 lumbar u 5 sacral (fused) u 4 coccygeal (fused)
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Musculoskeletal Assessment Major muscle groups u Deltoid u Biceps u Triceps u Pectoralis Major u Abdominal u Quadriceps u Hamstrings u Gastrocnemius
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Musculoskeletal Assessment Purpose Support Movement Protection Production of RBC’s Reservoir for storage of minerals
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Musculoskeletal Assessment Movements Flexion Extension Abduction Adduction Pronation Supination Circumduction Inversion Eversion Rotation
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Musculoskeletal Assessment Movements Protraction Retraction Elevation Depression
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Musculoskeletal Assessment Normal findings for adults u Erect posture and spine u Fullness to muscles u Symmetrical range of motion (ROM) u No deformities u No swelling u No warmth or redness to joints
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Musculoskeletal Assessment Head TMJ Hinge action Gliding action Spine: 33 connecting bones Intervertebral discs Lateral view: double S shape Motions: flexion, extension, abduction, rotation
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Musculoskeletal Assessment Upper Extremities Shoulder Glenohumeral joint Acromioclavicular joint Sternoclavicular Elbows: articulation of humerus, radius, ulna Medial and lateral epicondyles Olecranon process Motion: flexion, extension, pronation, supination
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Musculoskeletal Assessment Wrist and Carpals Radiocarpal joint Motion: flexion, extension, side to side Metacarpophalangeal joint: MCP Proximal interphalangeal joint: PIP Distal interphalangeal joint: DIP
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This note was uploaded on 05/31/2011 for the course NUR 326 taught by Professor Meneghini during the Fall '10 term at St. Xavier.

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326 Musculoskeletal Assessment fa10 - Musculoskeletal...

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