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HISTORY 101 Paper - Lauren Bartush HST 103 02 Professor...

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Lauren Bartush HST 103 – 02 Professor Koenig 16 December 2010 Final Exam Section One: City Beautiful Movements - Frederick Law Olmsted was influenced by the rural ideal, a concept that pushed for the advantages of rural life. During the 1890’s and early 1900’s Olmsted used this ideal to create the idea of public recreation space giving rise to the “city beautiful” movements. He designed New York City’s Central park; his goal was to expose the beauty of nature to the people of New York. He holds the World’s Columbian Exposition in 1893 in Chicago, Illinois, a world fair. The “city beautiful” movement was all about creating activities for people to participate in, the idea of “going out” arose. This was the first time leisure was really something people had time for, any free time they had before was usually spent on the farm. Scottsboro Case - In 1931 nine African American men were accused of raping two white women on a train in Scottsboro, Alabama. The women had over heard the black men talking about leads they had on a job, the white women thought that was absurd so they decided to accuse all the men of rape and take them to court. Even though the women’s stories were inconsistent and many witnesses claimed this event never occurred all nine men were found guilty and received the death sentence. After the case it was soon
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discovered that the white women had been lying about their case, nut nothing was done to punish them. The Dust Bowl - During the 1930’s and 40’s a severe drought affected the states of the Great Plains, Oklahoma, Texas, New Mexico, Colorado, Arkansas, and Kansas. The thirties were named the “dirty thirties” because of the dust bowl. This created unbearable and dirty living conditions, the dust got into everything. Many victims of migrated to California. In the Great Plains their method of farming was called dry farming, so when farmers could not afford to plant there was nothing to hold the dry loose soil down. Black Power - The black power movement consisted of radical members moving away from Dr. King’s movement. Activists of the SNCC and CORE followed the lead of Stokely Carmichael in 1966; these organizations were blacks only due to the distrust of whites. He was campaigning for black self-reliance. The black power movement led to the rise of the Black Panthers, a militant self-defense organization with the goal of protecting blacks against police forces. Racial pride became very popular, blacks dressed in typical African clothing and hairstyles; they showed pride in their heritage.
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