HISTORY MIDTERM - Lauren Bartush Professor Koenig HST 103-...

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Lauren Bartush Professor Koenig HST 103- 3:00-4:15 MW 11-03-10 Midterm Section 1: Vertical Integration- Josiah Wedgwood created the idea of vertical integration in England. He came up with this ingenious business plan when he was faced with the dilemma of trying to make fine china in England but for les money than the real fine china. Since china needed to be imported from other countries it made the product very expensive. Wedgwood wanted to figure out a way to cut down the costs of fine china. The way that Wedgewood would accomplish this is by cutting out the middlemen of the production aspect. In order to cut out the middlemen that meant Wedgwood being the factory owner would control all aspects of production from the raw material all the way to selling the final product. This process of vertical integration creates less money overall going out and a less expensive final product because there is no middlemen to pay. Black Codes- The black codes were part of the white resistance to African Americans gaining any sort of power. So in order to accomplish this they set these state laws that keep African Americans in situations that are as close to slavery as possible. The laws set specific hours that they needed to work per day, labor expectations, set curfews, induced fines, and prevent gatherings of more than three African Americans in public. People
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who supported these laws were mostly former slave owners who were under the Democratic Party. In the end these laws were set to drive African Americans who were formerly slaves back to the plantations. Missouri Compromise- The first Missouri Compromise was in the year 1819 where there was an equal number of free and slave states and the Mason-Dixon line was the boundary line that separated free from slave states. Missouri requested statehood during this year; they had 10,000 slaves at that time in their state. The debate was whether to admit Missouri as a free or slave state and throw off the balance. Shortly after Maine requested statehood. It was decided that Maine would enter as a free state because they opposed slavery and Missouri would enter as a slave state. The second Missouri Compromise addressed parts of Missouri’s constitution that said slaves and mulattoes were not able to be citizens. The argument was that if African Americans and mulattoes could be citizens in one state and have rights they had them in all states and Missouri shouldn’t be able to deny them rights. Navigation Acts- The Navigation Acts were passed between the years 1651 and 1663. They were passed by the British Parliament to choke American importing and exporting and also to restrain their trading to only England. The biggest issue Americans had with this was that they could no longer trade with the Dutch, which is where they gained most of their
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This note was uploaded on 05/31/2011 for the course HST 103 taught by Professor . during the Fall '11 term at Grand Valley State.

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HISTORY MIDTERM - Lauren Bartush Professor Koenig HST 103-...

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