Sociology Part 1 Notes

Sociology Part 1 Notes - SOC(StuffforExam#2)

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SOC (Stuff for Exam # 2)  21:58 Big Picture: Approaches in Sociology: C.W. Mills- “Sociological Imagination”  Durkheim- “Social Facts” Berger and Luckman- “Social Reality” Level of Analysis: Microsociology (personal-social interaction) Macrosociology (big patterns in societies) Theoretical Perspectives: Role of Researcher (?): Value based o Evaluation-advocate certain goals Value neutral o Observation of social facts o Marx vs. Weber change the world or explain the world Society-culture-social institutions = (social structure)  Survival Needs; lead to the most basic social institution within any society: Economy
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=production and distribution of goods and services Observed Social Facts- Objective Conditions: Major Trends: (has led to) 2) Rapid growth of manufacturing in developing nations, such as China,  Mexico, others 3)Changing nature of work for U.S.  (decline of manufacturing jobs; rise of the service economy) Changes In Economy 7 Work: Evaluation: Are these trends good or bad? Good for some(who)? Bad for others (who)? Why is this sort of question “Subjective”?=not everyone will answer it the  same way) The Social Significance of Work Work: o Work is the carrying out of tasks; mental and physical o Production of goods and services
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o =Occupation Characteristics of work: $$$$ Structuring one’s time; activity Social contacts Personal identity The Social Organization of Work Division of labor Work is divided into different occupations requiring specialization Leads to: o Economic interdependence  o =Dependence on each other for livelihoods  Taylorism and Fordism o Taylorism  Divides work into simple tasks that can be timed and organized o Designed to maximize industrial output o Fordism Applies principles of scientific management to mass production Mass production requires “mass markets” (people to buy the stuff) 
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o Both are low trust systems that maximize o Worker alienation  Low trust systems Vs. High trust systems o Low trust systems: Management sets jobs, workers highly supervised Geared to machines o High trust systems Workers have some control over pace and content of work Labor Unions o Unions emerged as defensive organizations concerned with providing  some control for workers over their conditions The Modern Economy Corporations  o The most common form of business organization o Chartered by a state o Posses legal rights and duties o Modern capitalist economies have been influenced by the rise of business 
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Sociology Part 1 Notes - SOC(StuffforExam#2)

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