s_Europe_2_people1 [Compatibility Mode]

s_Europe_2_people1 [Compatibility Mode] - Europe: people...

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Europe: people 1 1 Europe (part 2) People, culture, & global impacts 2 Europe in the global system 3 4 Until the 19 th century , Europeans lived on the verge of famine/ hunger • 1830s-later 1840s: famine cut 20% of Ireland’s population N & S Americas + Australia = extension of Europe % of population growing food: • 1800 = ____ people (___ food = potato + bread) • 1900 = ____ people 5 Amassed fortunes at home Led the Industrial Revolution & Political Revolution Established global influence thru its colonial exploitation abroad Survived a ruinous 20 th century (two World Wars, the Cold War) Rebuilt the European economy after WWII Promoted European integration (EU) Europe in the past 500 years… 6 1.Resources Seas & harbor advantages Fertile land Coal & minerals 2.Ideas (good & bad) Capitalism (market economy) Free trade Technology Industrialization Innovations in biz & finance Colonialism What helped put Europe on world’s central stage
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Europe: people 2 7 ____ & ______ are a great asset of Europe. Seas & harbors facilitate trade . Europe is surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean & several seas . Much of Europe is in close contact with the sea within hundreds of miles of navigable waterways . 8 Which is Europe’s largest harbor ? Where is it? 9 10 The Agricultural Revolution Why important? Began in Europe in the 1750s Agricultural innovations (better farming tools, fertilizers, better crop rotation, more intensive use of land, Enclosure , etc.) Significant productivity growth 11 Significance of the Agricultural Revolution Increased agricultural ______ _____________ Supports more ________ & ____ population Agrarian Revolution Productivity growth __________ ___________ In pursuit of profit, capitalism has incorporated more & more _____ & _____ into the _____________ system over the past 500 years or so _________________. Capitalism has dictated the structure & dynamics of world ___________________ .
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Europe: people 3 Free trade = ____ or _____ government interventions (international) _____ of labor Why? 153 members as of May 2011 1) 1790-1850 • Limited to a few regions in Britain 2) 1850-1870 • Started spreading to continental N Europe 3) 1870-1920 •Parts of Central & Mediterranean Europe • Parts of Russia Three waves of the Industrial Revolution Yorkshire Mills & Milltowns Effects of the Industrial Revolution: Environmental degradation Global diffusion of industrialization World industrial regions Colonialism = the establishment & maintenance of political, economic, social, & cultural ________ by a state over a _____ & _____ society European Colonialism
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Europe: people 4 19 15 th century - 1825 Western Hemisphere Mainly settlement colonies (immigrants) • Major powers = Spain + Portugal • Max # colonies = 147 in 1774 Conquest, plunder, slavery Independence 1776-1824 European Colonialism: Wave #1 20 Since the mid-1800s Africa, Asia, & the Pacific Colonies of occupation • Major powers = Britain + France • Max # colonies = 168 in 1925 Industrialization in Europe • Sources of cheap resources Markets for European manufactures European Colonialism: Wave #2 21 The World in 1714 In 1714, European possessions amounted to ___ % of the world’s land area & _ _% of the world’s population .
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s_Europe_2_people1 [Compatibility Mode] - Europe: people...

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