HIST300MidtermStudyGuide

HIST300MidtermStudyGuide - HIST 300 Midterm Study Guide...

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HIST 300 Midterm Study Guide Foundation Myth : a story about the founding of a particular nation. A story, usually much treasured about the foundation of a group of people. One of the most famous is the biblical story of creation. Nations often have semi-official versions of their origins usually involving national hero figures. Foundation myths can be found within schools, army regiments, and companies. “Myth” need not imply that the story is entirely false merely that it has developed into a simplistic usually rosy version of events. o Is derived from ‘social memory’, which is the accurate reflection of rationale of popular knowledge about the past. Social memory is present in both illiterate societies (where it is most important) and developed societies because it highlights the universal need that if the individual cannot exist without memory, neither can society, and that goes for large scale societies too. Three recurrent features of social memory have distorting effects: 1. Tradition: an assumption that what was done in the past is an authoritative guide to what should be done in the present 2. Nostalgia : instead of denying the fact of historical change, it interprets it in one direction only – as change for the worse. 3. Progress : the optimistic creed, because it asserts that change in the past has been for the better, and improvements will continue in the future. Endows change with moral content. Historicism : we are responsible for treating the past in an unbiased way. Seeing that the past is different than how it is typically perceived. The autonomy of the past must be respected Each age is a unique manifestation of the human spirit with its own culture and values. Recognizes that the passage of time has profoundly altered both the conditions of life and mentality of the members of society. o Historical awareness rests on 3 principles: 1. Difference : the recognition of the separation of our own age from previous ones. 2. Contex t: the underlying principle of all historical work is that the subject of our enquiry must not be wrenched from its setting. 3. Process : the relationship of events over time which endow them with more significance than if they were to e viewed in isolation. Otherness : People in different societies are really significantly different People in different societies are seen as alien or inhuman Is a result of what could happen when Historicism is taken to far.
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o Anachronism : a historical inaccuracy in which elements from one historical period (usually the present) are inserted into an earlier one, such as the use of modern language or attitudes in historical films or dramas. Essentialism
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This note was uploaded on 05/31/2011 for the course HIST 300 taught by Professor November during the Fall '10 term at South Carolina.

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HIST300MidtermStudyGuide - HIST 300 Midterm Study Guide...

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