{[ promptMessage ]}

Bookmark it

{[ promptMessage ]}

HIST300MidtermStudyGuide

HIST300MidtermStudyGuide - HIST 300 Midterm Study Guide...

Info icon This preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
HIST 300 Midterm Study Guide Foundation Myth : a story about the founding of a particular nation. A story, usually much treasured about the foundation of a group of people. One of the most famous is the biblical story of creation. Nations often have semi-official versions of their origins usually involving national hero figures. Foundation myths can be found within schools, army regiments, and companies. “Myth” need not imply that the story is entirely false merely that it has developed into a simplistic usually rosy version of events. o Is derived from ‘social memory’, which is the accurate reflection of rationale of popular knowledge about the past. Social memory is present in both illiterate societies (where it is most important) and developed societies because it highlights the universal need that if the individual cannot exist without memory, neither can society, and that goes for large scale societies too. Three recurrent features of social memory have distorting effects: 1. Tradition: an assumption that what was done in the past is an authoritative guide to what should be done in the present 2. Nostalgia : instead of denying the fact of historical change, it interprets it in one direction only – as change for the worse. 3. Progress : the optimistic creed, because it asserts that change in the past has been for the better, and improvements will continue in the future. Endows change with moral content. Historicism : we are responsible for treating the past in an unbiased way. Seeing that the past is different than how it is typically perceived. The autonomy of the past must be respected Each age is a unique manifestation of the human spirit with its own culture and values. Recognizes that the passage of time has profoundly altered both the conditions of life and mentality of the members of society. o Historical awareness rests on 3 principles: 1. Difference : the recognition of the separation of our own age from previous ones. 2. Contex t: the underlying principle of all historical work is that the subject of our enquiry must not be wrenched from its setting. 3. Process : the relationship of events over time which endow them with more significance than if they were to e viewed in isolation. Otherness : People in different societies are really significantly different People in different societies are seen as alien or inhuman Is a result of what could happen when Historicism is taken to far.
Image of page 1

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
o Anachronism : a historical inaccuracy in which elements from one historical period (usually the present) are inserted into an earlier one, such as the use of modern language or attitudes in historical films or dramas.
Image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern