This preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.
This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.View Full Document
Unformatted text preview: Mill On Liberty Chapter: 1/2 Chapter 1 1.) the rise of democratic governments according to mill, threaten individual freedom. Individual freedom is what Mill is t rying to defend throughout this book. There are 3 reasons to fear the rise of democracy: 1. Complacency- the people do not rule themselves in a democracy, the majority does. Democracy breeds complacency. 2. Man kind is intolerant. Democratic government puts the common man in power who tend to be enemies of liberty. 3. Democracy promotes conformity in society. Democracy promotes egalitarianism which creates conformity. Summary: Rise of democratic values and traditions are the new conditions 2.) Summary: TWO WAYS- Tyranny of the magistrate, majority gets control and passes laws that threaten or undermine individual freedom- Tyranny of prevailing opinion, people in the community create social sanctions such as ostracism, shunning, ridicule. Some people in power may limit the flow of information; employ propaganda to create their own forms of conformity and coercion (Most insidious form of tyranny, it enslaves the soul). people internalize norms and values. 3.) What is the Harm Principle? Basically, if what you are doing harms other people then I can stop you. However, if it is not harming anyone else, you have to let him or her do it. Summary: Principle stated on pg.9. Three points. Shows self regarding and other regarding actions I. Let someone do what he or she want even if it is harmful to themselves, unless it affects others. You can t ry to persuade them if it is harmful to them. This is an anti-paternalistic principle . You are allowed to use moral coercion to change someones mind. I I. It applies to inactions as well as actions. Ex. You have evidence that will support a case but you do not want to devuldge it. According to the principle the state should make you testify if it is relevant to the case 4.) The harm principle does not apply to everyone, such as children. Paternalism is appropriate for children. The principle also does not apply to those with severe mental handicaps (this category of people who are not rational), partially because they are rendered childlike. These lines are hard to draw and can vary accordingly. Pg. 10 despotism is a legitimate form of government for barbaric societies He also says that the principle does not apply to barbarian society....
View Full Document