HIST 378 Final Study Guide (2)

HIST 378 Final - HIST 378 URBAN EXPANSION IN MODERN EUROPE FINAL STUDY GUIDE Identifications VIENNA Modernism In terms of architecture music and

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HIST 378: URBAN EXPANSION IN MODERN EUROPE FINAL STUDY GUIDE Identifications VIENNA Modernism: In terms of architecture, music, and paintings, modernism is defining something in independence from the past that challenges existing conventions and breaks away from the rational model that was so common across Europe during the early 20 th century. It occurred in Vienna at the turn of the century because there was an intellectual elite that interacted with one another more than in any other European city at that time. Modern movements were fully matured by 1910 which was influenced by political crisis’s such as Slavic nationalism, the end of the Habsburg Empire, and the emergence of radial intellectuals that also included mass movements of anti Semitism. Habsburg Empire: developed Baroque palaces much like Versailles Congress of Vienna : (1815) Time in Vienna after Napoleonic Wars that tried to maintain conservatism in Europe. Vienna was known as a center for enlightened Absolutism because reforms came from above vs. from below. (Abolishment of serfdom, religious tolerance, reorganization of rational bureaucracy.) Vienna does not develop into an industrial economy until much later. Austria was an ethnic mix that made it difficult to organize revolt. Franz -Josef I: comes to the thrown following the Revolution of 1848 , which was the failed attempt by the liberals in Austria due to the multitude of ethnicities which created conflicts when drafting a constitution that catered to all of their desires for autonomy. Created the Dual Monarchy Dual Monarchy: (1866-1867) Austria suffers defeat from Prussia in 1866 weakening the monarchy. Was a sign of Austrian weakness, giving the liberals an opportunity for liberals to assert themselves. Liberals come to prominence through this defeat vs. revolution. The Ringstrasse is a symbol for liberal ascendancy. Three Pioneers of “post rational” politics/post liberal politics: 1) Karl Lueger: Christian Socialism 2) Georg von Schonerer: Pan Germanism 3) Theodore Herzl: Zionism These figures scarred liberals more than socialism because of their use of irrational undercurrents to gain power. All had weird mixtures of ideologies that were repackaged for their specific movements.
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Liberals believed that rational capacity would eventually be realized as history unfolded. Another reason why they feared new social forces from below. Historicism: application of past architectural styles to new buildings. Secessionist Movement: founded 1897 Result of young intellectuals discontent with the ruling liberalist order and resentment of the monopoly of the Artists’ House Association on art in the city. Gustav Klimt is the first President.
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This note was uploaded on 05/31/2011 for the course HIST 378 taught by Professor Lekan during the Spring '11 term at South Carolina.

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HIST 378 Final - HIST 378 URBAN EXPANSION IN MODERN EUROPE FINAL STUDY GUIDE Identifications VIENNA Modernism In terms of architecture music and

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