Anth Exam 3 (Hala) 3

Anth Exam 3 (Hala) 3 - Self and Personhood: There are...

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Self and Personhood: There are attributes we share with others because we are the same biological species. All begin by acquiring and interpreting communication by particular group of people. Each person has a unique set of genes and a biography that makes us like no other person. Successful individuals usually have a high degree of self-awareness , able and willing to pursue personal goals, even in the face of opposition. Such individuals are self-actualizing . Self- actualizing seek to develop and are extraordinarily productive. Child rearing practices: Independence training : promotes child’s ability to rely on self. Encourage babies to sleep alone and encourage kids to finish simple tasks without assistance. By adulthood, individuals feel that they can achieve their own goals and that they are primed to self-actualize. Dependence training : culture teachers that each member should act in a way to promote well being of group . Encourage children to rely on adults. These children are likely to allow elders to arrange their marriage, but this doesn’t mean dependence trained individuals aren’t choice making. Agency: Refers to an individual’s abilities to reflect systematically on taken-for-granted cultural practices, to imagine alternatives, and to take independent action to pursue goals of their own choosing. Entitlement : refers to power and differences in power. Interior experience of persons : anthropologists study how people choose, recognize how actions are shaped. Asian society : Usually assumed that dependence training gives a weak sense of identity. This idea is dismantled by showing (through fieldwork in Nepal), that there is much complexity between individual and group. The Rei’s Niwa (Niwa meaning individuality and personality) highlights individual’s individuality. Niwa is important to the Rei, it is not a concept that focuses on types. The Rei felt that a person’s Niwa (individual’s personality) only expressed in the private sphere. In public they avoid individuality, they don expressionless faces. Idea of front stage, backstage: dismantle stereotypes of Asian societies. Front stage =public behavior, back =conversations not shown in public. Morality: every society selects values which shape society. Manhood constructed: Africa- Central African republic: a.k.a., pigmy hunter gatherer, men see childcare as a major part of their role. Hold infants, hug and kiss. Good men are affectionate to children and assist mother when she has a large role. Gender equality is a norm here. Japanese society: demonstrates the plurality of constructions of gender, because business men, work long hours and go out to dinner with family only a few nights a yr. Men spend hours together at expensive night clubs and corporation picks up the bill- hours at club strengthens bonds. Children raised entirely by mother. Maternal attention is focused on the son; have him do well in
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Anth Exam 3 (Hala) 3 - Self and Personhood: There are...

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