Final Exam Review 4

Final Exam Review 4 - 3. Aristotle's choice of rational...

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3. Aristotle's choice of rational activity as the key to understanding what is best in human life reflects a general tendency among ancient Greek thinkers to single out the exercise of our mental faculties as the key to living well. Explain this point with respect to the Pythagoreans, Heraclitus, Socrates, and Plato, and anyone else you might consider relevant to this topic. With respect to Pythagoreans Theôria , which means ‘viewing’ or ‘contemplation’, was a major factor in living well. They thought that the use of math was a key tool to understanding natural phenomena. By using numbers, geometry and mathematics, they sought to explain things that may seem chaotic or random in nature, like how the pitch of sounds can be rationalized and explained through the used of numbers and proportions. This mathematical approach requires one to exercise rational thought in explaining natural phenomena. Heraclitus stressed a big difference between experience and actually knowing. It is important that we do not live our lives as if though we are asleep, simply experiencing things. He thought we must question our experiences in an attempt to explain the
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Final Exam Review 4 - 3. Aristotle's choice of rational...

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