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Final Exam Review 7

Final Exam Review 7 - 7 Most of the early Greek...

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7. Most of the early Greek philosophers, at least from Xenophanes to Aristotle (with the possible exception of Socrates), discussed how far sense perception can be relied upon to furnish us with knowledge concerning how things really are. Explain the differing roles and degree of usefulness assigned to sense experience in the philosophies of the Pythagoreans, Xenophanes, Heraclitus, Parmenides, Plato, and Aristotle. Xenophanes of Colophon : “and she whom they call Iris, this also is by nature a cloud- purple and red and yellow to behold.” Historia : “knowledge gained through inquiry” Challenged popular beliefs about religion as a result of his travels: based on principles that “Ethiopians say that their gods are flat-nosed and dark, Thracians say that theirs are blue-eyed and red-haired.” Believed that one had to travel and see things for self before forming an opinon [“never the less he himself does not know, but belief is fashioned.”] resulted in baseless claims that anthropomorphized deities and made false assumptions about the nature of the world. Used empirical data to begin to explain the world (Scientific info = natural world) o From the Outside in ” experiencing the outside world would give knowledge to the
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