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Final Exam Review 8

Final Exam Review 8 - 8'If we want to understand an ancient...

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8. 'If we want to understand an ancient Greek thinker it is important to know something of the history, affinities, and usage of the most important terms he employs, rather than resting content with loose English equivalents...' (W.K.C. Guthrie, The Greek Philosophers ). Explain what would be lost if we 'rested content' with an understanding of kosmos simply as 'world', logos simply as 'word', aretê simply as 'virtue', and eudaimonia simply as 'happiness'. Kosmos- world- order, ordered world o Homer - “to order or arrange”- an army or one’s clothing o Thales - H20 as his arche , or starting point or ruling principle, provides the order of all things, as the basic material substance- the arrangement of nature as a whole o Anaximander - to apeiron , his indeterminate, indefinite and unlimited thing produces, surrounds and controls all things. Nature, and the Kosmos, is a balancing, fair and restorative entity- there are law-like forces that guarantee the orderly processes of change between opposites ( dike - penalty, justice, custom.
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