Stonehenge 2

Stonehenge 2 - Sarcen and bluestones may have been used to...

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Phase II- The Timber Monument 2150BC- 2000BC Beaker Culture - these are what the people were called because now there are manufactured items showing up. This shows shift horticulture to agriculture. They have “machines”-oxen, and pottery- human energy is now being used. This period shows a shift from the “female, moon and horticultural Windmill Hill culture” to a “male, solar and agricultural Beaker culture”. There has not been a lot done in this phase. The Aubrey holes have now been filled naturally or deliberately with chalk and dirt. People have found parts of bones in them. There are two circles of holes where stones could have been placed in these but taken to be used in P3. These are the Y (inside) and Z (outside) holes.
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Unformatted text preview: Sarcen and bluestones may have been used to fill in the holes. The bluestones came from the Preseli Mountains in present-day Wales. The Avenue has changed a bit. It has been widened a little, and now has a ditch and embankment motif descried in P1. There is a de-emphasis on the 6 rows of post holes and the other 4 holes (A) in the Avenue. The alignment does not really change at all in this phase. Menhir- archeological term for single, upright standing stones. There were two of these placed in the Avenue. There is more of a sun emphasis at this time. 1) Avenue- notice the decrease in the # of holes 2) Shift from timber to stone 3) shift of the axis to the east...
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This note was uploaded on 05/31/2011 for the course ANTH 123 taught by Professor Johnson during the Spring '08 term at UNC.

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