5 The Odyssey

5 The Odyssey - Introduction to The Odyssey Homer ends the...

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Introduction to The Odyssey Homer ends the oral tradition from the past by writing The Odyssey after it had been passed along for hundreds of years by oral tradition. . It is a narrative verse consisting of 13,000 lines written in a dactylic hexameter . This is where there are 6 beats based on the syllables where there is a long followed by two short. The dactylic is the basic rhythmic unit. By writing in this way, the story never gets boring and it is not a rhythm of stress. What kind of document is The Odyssey ? - It is an epic poem writing in dactylic hexameter. 1000 AD is the date for the earliest written copy of the epic and it has been copied over and again throughout the years. Homer was able to write this because by the 8 th century BC, the Greeks came and wrote down sounds from the Phoenicians. They were different because they actually wrote the vowels down as well. The alphabet was formed and this begins history, when things started to be written down. Before this time, it was prehistory. It was able to be passed down because of the use of the hexameter and continuously repeated phrases which had a fixed metrical space- “ formulaic phrases ”. The story I about getting Odysseus home from the Trojan War. When Homer tells this story, he uses radical policy decisions and decides what is important to him. You can see this when Books 1-4 are about T and Books 5-9 are about O. Book 1 is especially is important because he introduces all the characters and the gods and sets the scene immediately. (Poseidon, Athena, Zeus, 108 suitors, T, etc.) Books 1-4: Telemakhos With the help of Athena disguised as Mentes in Book 1 , she drives T to do what he does. She has to bring him from childhood to adulthood and from
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5 The Odyssey - Introduction to The Odyssey Homer ends the...

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