17 The Parthenon

17 The Parthenon - The Parthenon (447-432 BC) Rerfer to cp...

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The Parthenon (447-432 BC) Rerfer to cp and A and L It was built on an acropolis which most of the other poli had. The fact that it was so extravagant is why we call it “the Acropolis”. It was fortified. In 480 BC, 10 elders listened to the oracle and they thought that if they stayed, they cold protect the acropolis from the Persians. They were wrong. The Acropolis and other buildings were destroyed. In response to this, the Oath of Platia was written. This said that the ruins would stay there and structures would be built over them to serve as a constant reminder of the destruction. The ruins were later used as the foundations for the new acropolis under Pericles. Pericles introduced the idea of a massive, building program at this occurred from about 440s to the 420s. He died in 429. refer to “Summary of 5 th century Greece” for the reason behind this. So, in 448 BC, the building of the Parthenon for Athena Parthenos (the Virgin) was considered and decided upon. Iktinos and Kallikrates were the architects and Pheidias was the sculpurist.
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This note was uploaded on 05/31/2011 for the course CLAS 121 taught by Professor Smith during the Spring '07 term at UNC.

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17 The Parthenon - The Parthenon (447-432 BC) Rerfer to cp...

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