29 The Two Faces of Athens

29 The Two Faces of Athens - The Two Faces of Athens:...

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The Two Faces of Athens: Perikles’ Portrait of a liberal democracy The plague at Athens Civil war on Corcyra The Athenian Generals @ Melos;might makes right Should the Melians surrender to the Athenians or try to fight? The rhetoric in which motivation is discussed is more and more frank about human development. Why is this breakdown of public decency so crucial? o We are looking at the first appearance of a reasoned argument where self-interest is the only rational goal. Thucydides never announces his views on this- most likely he did not share this view- he wanted to join Socrates in moral idealism. o The advocacy of self interest is an outcome of intellectual advances. o Thucydides saw no way out of this- we wants to find around the sophistic position and show that self-interest is not as crude as it seems Examples of he above comments. o Pericles Speaks about the idealized city- compromise between what was really said and the common sense of what people really had to say
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29 The Two Faces of Athens - The Two Faces of Athens:...

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