A Key to Common Nomenclature

A Key to Common Nomenclature - Examples O butyl propyl...

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A Key to Common Nomenclature Common nomenclature is based upon knowing names for particular arrangements of atoms. A common name describes both a particular arrangement of carbon atoms and the total number of carbon atoms. Naming by functional group. 1. Alkyl halides. Name the alkyl group, then the halogen. Use the ending –ide for the halogen, as you did with inorganic compounds in General Chemistry. SUMMARY : group halide (2 words) Examples: F ethyl fluoride Br neopentyl bromide 2. Ethers. Name each group attached to the oxygen atom and list them in alphabetical order. Then add the word “ether”. SUMMARY : group1 group2 ether (3 words)
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Unformatted text preview: Examples: O butyl propyl ether OR n-butyl n-propyl ether O cyclopentyl methyl ether 3. Alcohols. Name the alkyl group, then add the word alcohol. SUMMARY : group alcohol (2 words) Examples: OH isopentyl alcohol OH cyclobutyl alcohol 4. Amines. Name each group attached to the nitrogen atom and list them in alphabetical order. Then add the word “amine”. SUMMARY : group1group2group3amine (1 word!! ) If you have only one alkyl group attached, then all you need is one group name. Examples: N trimethylamine NH 2 butylamine or n-butylamine NH 2 methylamine N H cyclopropylethylamine...
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This note was uploaded on 05/31/2011 for the course CHEM 3341 taught by Professor Staff during the Spring '08 term at Georgia Southern University .

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