Ch1LecNot Sp10SC

Ch1LecNot Sp10SC - 1/8/2010 Organic Chemistry 5th Edition...

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1/8/2010 1 Chapter 1 Review: Chemical Structure and Bonding, Acids and Bases Organic Chemistry 5 th Edition Paula Yurkanis Bruice Organic Chemistry • Organic compounds are compounds containing the element _______. • Carbon atoms do not readily give up or accept _________. • Carbon atoms ______ electrons with other carbon atoms as well as several different kinds of atoms. Chapter 1 Introduction
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1/8/2010 2 Atomic Structure • An atom consists of ___________ (negative charge), _________ (positive charge) and _________ (no charge). • The protons and neutrons are found in the ___________ of the atom. • The electrons are outside the nucleus, and are used to form ______________. Section 1.1 Ionic Bonding • ______ compounds are formed when an ____________ element transfers electron(s) to an _______________ element. • What holds positive and negative ions together in an ionic bond? Section 1.3
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1/8/2010 3 Covalent Bonding • _______ bonding involves one or more pairs of electrons that are _________ between two atoms. • A _________ covalent bond results from ______ sharing of electrons (e.g., H 2 ). • A _______ covalent bond results from the sharing of electrons between atoms with ___________________ _________________ (e.g., HF). Section 1.3 • A polar bond has a negative end and a positive end. dipole moment (D) = μ = e x d Bond Dipoles Section 1.3
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1/8/2010 4 An Electrostatic Potential Map Section 1.3 Lewis Structures • Draw Lewis structures for HF NH 3 H 2 O CO 2 CH 4 OC H 2 O Section 1.4
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1/8/2010 5 Formal Charge • A formal charge is another way to look at an atom. • Don’t confuse formal charge with partial charge. • The formal charge can tell you about how a particular atom or group will react. You are most familiar with this in the context of acids and bases.
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Ch1LecNot Sp10SC - 1/8/2010 Organic Chemistry 5th Edition...

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