Unit 3 - U nit 3 Chapter 8 Respondent Conditioning Taste...

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Unit 3 Chapter 8: Respondent Conditioning Taste aversion Has demonstrated an exception to the importance of the temporal relationship between the NS and the US Can happen after one time John Garcia and his Colleagues at the Radiological Defense Lab at Hunters Point in San Francisco assessed the effects of ionizing radiation on myriad behaviors on a lab rat. o Found that radiation rats avoided consumption of solutions that had been presented during radiation o From the taste solution and the radiation, taste aversion occurred. o Happened in a single presentation Higher Order Conditioning When the NS is paired with an already established CS and the NS becomes the CS o Little Albert is an example Depends on how well established the CS is when it is paired with the NS NS becomes CS and then exhibits a Conditioned Response ( CR ) Conditioned Emotional Responses As an explanation for peoples’ phobic behaviors, panic attacks, anxieties Little Albert: a learned response, fear of white objects How do these principles operation in a school setting? (Fear to school, to a teacher)
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How is Conditioned Emotional Responses Extinguished? Consistently present the CS alone and eventually the CR will no longer occur o Decrease of the CR is usually gradual o The speed of the decrease may vary from people to people, depending on the individual history o Be aware of spontaneous recovery phenomenon After classical extinction has take place, it is likely at a later time to observe the behavior elicited again by the CS The difference is a smaller magnitude of the CR Respondent extinction: repeated presentation of the CS without presenting the US Discrimination and Generalization of Respondent Behavior Discrimination of respondent conditioning is observed when one and only one specific stimulus elicits the conditioned response o Afraid of a tarantella but not a small spider Generalization is observed when several similar (but different) stimuli elicit the conditioned response o Afraid of all spiders Factors the Influence Respondent Conditioning The nature if the US and CS ( the more intense they are, the more effective) The temporal relationship between the CS and US (CS precedes the US by a few seconds only, the more effective; delayed reinforcement) The contingency established between the CS and the US ( at the beginning it should be a continuous schedule)
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How many pairings take place between the US and the CS. The more pairings, the more likely that conditioning will take place. Whether there is a history of previous exposures to the CS Chapter 10: Prompting and Transfer of Stimulus Control What is a prompt? A procedure used to increase the probability that the TB is emitted at the
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Unit 3 - U nit 3 Chapter 8 Respondent Conditioning Taste...

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