Unit 4 - Unit 4 Chapter 20 Self Management Student Learning...

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Unit 4 Chapter 20: Self Management Student Learning , Self-regulation (Extra readings) Self Management The ultimate goal of behavior modification rather than under external control The process by which a person engages in a particular behavior (the controlling behavior) to influence the future occurrence of an undesirable (controlled) behavior. Two types of behavior problems: Behavioral deficits: not enough exercise Behavioral excesses: eating too much, hanging out with friends too much, over exercising Self Control One alternative is an immediate positive reinforcer; might be related to aversive but remote events (impulsiveness) Second alternative is a larger delayed positive reinforcer; considered to be better when over a long term (self-control) Problems of Behavioral excesses Immediate Reinforcers vs. Delayed Punishers o Hanging out with your friends and then doing bad on an exam Immediate Reinforcers vs. Cumulatively Significant Punishers o Eating a fatty food over several years and then have heart disease o Smoking for several years and then are diagnosed with cancer Immediate Reinforcers (for Problem Behavior) vs. Delayed Reinforcer (for Alternative Desirable Behaviors) Problems of Behavioral Deficiencies Immediate small punisher’s vs. reinforcers that are cumulatively significant o Eating an apple bc it is healthier compared to a cookie
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Immediate small punishers for behavior vs. Immediate but highly improbable major punishers if the behavior does not occur Immediate small punishers for behavior vs. Delayed major punisher if behavior does not occur Self Management Strategies Goal setting: the first step in the progress o Must establish a criterion level and time frame for the behavior to occur; serves as a clue to engage in the TB Should be achievable Reinforce the achieved goal o Antecedent manipulation in order to achieve goal, use prompts to increase desirability o May need to establish an establishing operation o Behavioral contract: a written document that shows the TB and then the consequences contingent to the time period and the level of the target behavior Arrange reinforcers and punishers o Social support via cues, reinforces Good intentions are not sufficient for success Example: to quit smoking – develop non smoking friends, go to non smoking places Self monitoring is used to collect data on the TB to determine if goal is achieved Self instructions followed by self praise o Prepare in advance (rehearse and get feedback from a trusted person) o As you approach the situation/person tell yourself what to do/how to do it o One self instructions are implemented tell yourself “good job” (self reinforcers) Article: Student Learning, Marilla D. Svinicki Based on the work of Paul Pintrich (1995) Three components of self regulation
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o No one else but the self-regulated learner attempt to control his/her behavior
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