Criminal Justice Notes

Criminal Justice Notes - CriminalJustice101 21:39...

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Criminal Justice 101 21:39 Criminal Justice  – the conduct that violates criminal law, for which there is no  legally accepted justification or excuse. 1850 – 1880 Crime epidemic and social upheaval caused by immigration Prohibition Years: Widespread organized crime 1960s - 1970s War protests [Vietnam War] Civil Rights Era increased concern for right of women and ethic and racial  minorities Court decisions and new legislation expanded rights and affected all areas of  life. Part 1 Index Crimes – Rape, murder, homicide 1970s – 1980s FBI date indicate a considerable increase in murders, rapes, and assaults. *White powder cocaine spiked violence. 1970 - Proposition 13 created. o Cut property taxes by 50% o Gang population increased 1980s
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Dramatic increase in sale and use of illicit drugs, drug smuggling, and gangs. Americans demanded “law and order” “War on Drugs” declared. 1990s Violent encounters among citizens and law enforcement agents lead public to  focus on police brutality and effective police management. Americans believe crime is out of control. 2000 – Present Emphasis on individual accountability, responsibility, and punishment of  offenders. Terrorism on American soil is of central concern USA Patriot Act important tool in fight against terrorism o Expands the right of the federal government to “eaves-drop” on known  terrorists. o Attorney general of the US must sign off on wire taps. Corporate and white-collar crime gain attention The Nature of Crime is always evolving.  Historical developments shape our legal  system and our understanding of crime and justice. In contemporary American society, there is a need to: Create a balance between individual rights and public order. Individual Rights The desire to protect:
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o Freedoms and privileges of citizens o Respect rights of those facing criminal prosecution o Individual rights advocates seek to protect personal freedoms and civil  rights Public Order Regonition that: o Society has a valid interest in preventing future crime, in public safety, and  in reducing harm caused by crime o Public order advocates believe that interests of society should take  precedence over individual rights What is Justice?
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