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II - II True or False and Simple Choice A SETTLEMENT OF...

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II - True or False and Simple Choice A. SETTLEMENT OF DISPUTES THROUGH DIPLOMACY 1. Diplomacy 1. Diplomacy is the process of reconciling the parties to a disagreement by negotiation, mediation, or inquiry. 2. When diplomacy is applied to resolving disputes involving institutions and individuals, it is sometimes called “alternative dispute resolution.” 2. Negotiation 3. Negotiation is the process of reaching an agreement by discussion. 4. Which of the following is not an example of how negotiations are conducted? a. Through debates at an international organization. b. Through normal diplomatic channels. c. Through summit meetings. d. Through the establishment of mixed or joint commissions. e. Through the use of competent authorities. 3. Mediation 5. Mediation is the use of a third party who transmits and interprets the proposals of the principal parties, and sometimes, advances independent proposals. 6. When a mediator provides a channel of communication (and nothing more) between the parties to a dispute, he is: 7. The diplomatic settlement of a dispute which involves the use of a third party who transmits and interprets the proposals of the principal parties, and sometimes, advances independent proposals, is known as: 8. A mediation can occur when an outsider makes an unsolicited offer to serve as a mediator. 9. Before a mediation can take place:
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4. Inquiry 10. An inquiry is a process used to determine a disputed fact or facts, but not resolve the entire dispute. 11. The Hague Convention of 1899 limited the use of commissions of inquiry to determining only factual questions that were of an international nature and did not threaten the national sovereignty of the disputing parties. 12. Inquiries are a popular way to resolve disputes between states, with many thousands of international inquiries having been made in the last 50 years. 13. The investigation by the staff of the International Civil Aviation Organization into the downing by the Soviet Union of a Korean Airlines jet in 1983 is an example of an inquiry. B. SETTLEMENT OF DISPUTES IN INTERNATIONAL TRIBUNALS
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