Notes 10 - Teachings of Jesus - Parables (cont.) - A7

Notes 10 - Teachings of Jesus - Parables (cont.) - A7 -...

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Teachings of Jesus – Parables (continued) We are going to look at two more parables of Jesus. As we begin to do so, I want to remind you of two terms we used earlier. The first is exegesis, which means to uncover and get out of the text what is there. The other is eisegesis, which means to read into a text what we want to be there. The first parable we will view is found in Luke 16:19-31. It is the Parable of the Rich Man and Lazarus. It is a parable of challenge and warning. Evading punishment is impossible. One will be judged, and rewarded or punished based on what he or she does with what God gives them. This parable contains a well-known idea that fortunes are reversed in the afterlife. This idea is present in much of the Middle East. For example, in one Egyptian tale, Osiris states “He was has been good on Earth will be blessed in the kingdom of the dead and he who has been evil on Earth will suffer in the kingdom of the dead.” There was an Alexandrian Jewish parable similar to the story of the Rich Man and Lazarus. Many of Jesus’ hearers may have been familiar with this story. In the story there is a rich man named Bar Ma’jan and a poor scholar. Bar Ma’jan would often spend more on a banquet than many people made in a year. The poor scholar sought to get Bar Ma’jan to share his wealth with the less fortunate. Bar Ma’jan refused and continued to live the high life. One day the poor scholar died. As fate would have it, so did Bar Ma’jan. On the day of the scholar’s funeral he was buried in a pauper’s grave and only a few friends attended the funeral. Bar Ma’jan was buried the same day, the entire town turned out for his funeral and much of his remaining wealth was sent on the lavish sendoff. That night one of the scholar’s friends had a dream in which he saw his friend standing in a beautiful garden with a lovely stream flowing through it. He was very peaceful and happy. On the other side of the stream was a desolate, scorched landscape and Bar Ma’jan was standing there. He could see the poor scholar, but the scholar could not see him. As Bar Ma’jan would reach toward the water it would move away from him. As he stood back up, the stream came back to its normal flow. Therefore, he could never quench his thirst and remained tormented. The poor scholar had everything that he needed. Suddenly the friend heard a voice saying “See how it is, those who had little but use it well receive much. Those who have much and do not share, receive little.” Therefore, when Jesus tells his parable of
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This note was uploaded on 05/27/2011 for the course REL 305 taught by Professor Null during the Spring '11 term at GWU.

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Notes 10 - Teachings of Jesus - Parables (cont.) - A7 -...

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