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Unformatted text preview: of a low volume of urine which is concentrated. 2. Acute renal failure does not produce a classic set of symptoms. The most common symptom is decreased urine output, which occurs in 70% of patients. Other signs and symptoms could be those due to toxicity, shock or hypovolemia, such as fever and dizziness. 3. Ms. Jones is experiencing acute tubular necrosis (ATN). It is a real cause of ARF. Basically tubular cells in the tubule of the kidney are dying. 4. Treatment is supportive and aimed at restoring urine output. Supportive treatment includes fluid resuscitation, treating metabolic consequences such as hyperkalemia and metabolic acidosis. Extreme cases may require dialysis or hem filtration. Some literature supports the use of NSAIDS of diuretics such as furosemide. However, these have not been shown to increase kidney functions....
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- Spring '10