4-SEPT. 27 -Ch 3- LIBERAL THEORIES PPT (1)

4-SEPT. 27 -Ch 3- LIBERAL THEORIES PPT (1) - LIBERAL...

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Click to edit Master subtitle style POLI/INTL 105 Sept. 27, 2010 LIBERAL THEORIES
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DECLINING WARS 21st Century – Decline in wars Sporadic conflicts persist Figure 3.1, page 84 Will conflicts and wars ever end? Is there a solution?
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Liberal Theories People, countries capable of finding mutual interests and cooperating to achieve peace Core Ideas : Peace and cooperation possible Reciprocity increasingly evident International politics can be a zero-sum game (win- win situations) All humans have a common bond (identity /forge ties) Justice as a basic human right
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How is cooperation possible? A) International Organizations B) international law Rejects politics as exclusively a struggle for power Power is still a factor, but Adds: – morality, ideology, emotions (friendship,); habits of cooperation; altruism – all influence behaviors of national leaders & international politics Form of Analysis : Individual and domestic levels of analysis
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Liberalism’s Schools of Thought : 1. Classic liberalism – optimistic about human nature Jean-Jacques Rousseau: –Humans joined in civil society to improve their existence (Cooperation) Immanuel Kant: - A. A World Federation : Develop organizations B. Internal govt. characteristic -- influence peace (e.g., Republics more peaceful; democracies don’t fight each other
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2. Neoliberalism (1970s) International system not exactly arnarchical Complex interdependence (i.e., countries tied together through trade, economic and social exchanges) Interdependence promotes use of international law & creation of more international organizations
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1.Liberal Institutionalism Kant : World federation possible International cooperation a rational option, not wars Neoliberalism –states can create rules, expectations and institutions to promote cooperation, peace Reciprocity an effective strategy (Norms and rules enforced -- e.g., trade, arms race) Apply the Prisoner’s Dilemma game – to suggest that cooperation works; o Reciprocity bring mutual cooperation (WTO)
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2. International Regimes
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4-SEPT. 27 -Ch 3- LIBERAL THEORIES PPT (1) - LIBERAL...

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