Women in Medieval through 17th Century Philosophy

Women in Medieval through 17th Century Philosophy - Women...

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Unformatted text preview: Women in Medieval through 17th Century Philosophy An Overview Copyright 2006, Sean William Doyle Major Philosophical Questions Metaphysics – What is humanity’s role and purpose in the universe? Epistemology – Are reason and faith compatible? – What is the more reliable path to truth: reason or faith? Social Philosophy – What should be the status of women in society? Copyright 2006, Sean William Doyle Major Philosophies Humanism – A concern with humanity, its achievements, and its potential – Emphasized free will and individuality Mysticism – The belief that one can gain knowledge of reality that is not accessible to sense perception or rational, conceptual thought Feminism – The querelle des femmes (debate about women) began in England during the first half of the 16th century – The belief that men and women are equal Copyright 2006, Sean William Doyle Medieval Mystics Hildegard von Bingen 1098­1179 CE) Major Works: – Scivias – Letter to Pope Anastasius – Causae Et Curae In addition to being a major medieval philosopher, she also contributed to the fields of theology, literature, theatre, and music Copyright 2006, Sean William Doyle Medieval Social Philosophers Christine de Pizan (1365­ca. 1430­1434 CE) Major Works: – The Book of the City of Ladies A dialogue among Christine and the 3 Virtues (Lady Reason, Lady Rectitude, and Lady Justice) – The Treasure of the City of Ladies She countered misogyny with a belief in the innate goodness of women and argued that men and women are equal mentally, if given the same access and opportunity Copyright 2006, Sean William Doyle Renaissance Humanist Philosophers Laura Cereta (1469­1499 CE) Major Work: – Letter to Bibulus Sempronius on January 13, 1488 She was a leading female voice of humanism in Renaissance Europe Copyright 2006, Sean William Doyle The Woman Question in England Jane Anger – Protection for Women Mary Tattlewell and Joan Hit­Him­ Home – The Women’s Sharp Revenge Copyright 2006, Sean William Doyle 17th Century Philosophers Anna Maria van Schurman (1607­1678 CE) Major Works: – Whether the Study of Letters is Fitting for a Christian Woman – Eukleria She was a gifted intellectual and feminist who strongly advocated for women’s right to education Copyright 2006, Sean William Doyle 17th Century Philosophers (continued) Sor Juana Inés De La Cruz (ca. 1648­1695 CE) Major Works: – La Respuesta (The Answer) In addition to being a major 17th century philosopher and intellectual, she also contributed to the fields of literature, theatre, and music She was bestowed the title of “First Feminist of America” by Mexico in 1974 Copyright 2006, Sean William Doyle Food for Thought Do you agree with Christine de Pizan’s argument? Why or why not? How would you characterize the nature of the “Querelle des Femmes” and why? Whose argument is stronger: Anna Maria van Schurman’s or Sor Juana Inés De La Cruz’s? Copyright 2006, Sean William Doyle ...
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