Quintilian & Roman Edu

Quintilian & Roman Edu - Quintilian (35­95 A.D.)...

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Unformatted text preview: Quintilian (35­95 A.D.) Quintilian (35­95 A.D.) Orate Orator Oration Oratory Roman Education Roman Education The root of modern Western cultures is Greek & Roman civilizations. Political & economic center shifted from Greece to Rome during the 3rd & 2nd Century B.C. Rome conquered Greece in 200 B.C. Roman culture: practical, not contemplative; realistic & pragmatic, not philosophical or idealistic. Roman Education Roman Education Mother as teacher: first educational influence and principle teacher. A model of Roman womanhood to her daughters. Father as teacher: from age 7, the father assumes the role of chief teacher. Distinction between the education of the upper­ class children and lower­class children. Schools appeared in Rome around 300 B.C. Roman Education Roman Education Borrowed the Greek system of schools, curriculum, and teachers. Elementary school: ages 7~12, girls and boys, private and voluntary. Read, write, and count. Grammar school: secondary, boys aged 10~16. Greek and Latin grammar & composition. The 7 liberal arts: grammar, rhetoric, dialectic, arithmetic, geometry, music, and astronomy. Rhetoric and literature served as moral education. University: Rhetorical Schools, ages 16­18. Liberal & practical: rhetoric, dialectic, philosophy, law. The orator: broadly & liberally educated; senators, lawyers, teachers, civil servants and politicians. Quintilian (35­95 A.D.) Quintilian (35­95 A.D.) A rhetorician, an educator, State Professor of Rhetoric. Success due to his reasonable nature & devotion to the welfare of his students. A gentle man with extraordinary tenderness. Placing the best teachers with beginners If the child was not learning, the teach was to blame for not teaching correctly at the child’s developmental level. The orator should possess not only “an eminence in the art of speaking”, but also “all the moral virtues as well.” Quintilian (35­95 A.D.) Quintilian (35­95 A.D.) Training the will and building the character were just as important as the liberal training of the intellect. Only a good man can be an orator—perfect oratory implies a high moral standard as well as complete mastery over every form of speech. (Teachers? Political leaders? Government officials? Auto dealers?) Teacher’s role: motivate and stimulate students to learn. Goal of education: to form an orator, a public servant who could be employed in teaching, civil administration, or law. Purpose: to use the power of speech for high, ethical, and noble purposes and serve the country. “It is the perfect orator that we are training and he cannot even exist unless he is a good man.” On Education On Education “Let us then define the orator as a man who can truly be called wise, perfect not only in character but also in knowledge and every sort of eloquence.” “Such a man perhaps has never yet existed. But that is no reason why we should not strive towards the highest ideal, as was done by the ancients for the most part. For, although they considered that so far no wise man had been discovered, they none the less wrote done the precepts whereby wisdom might be attained.” Methods of Primary Instruction Methods of Primary Instruction Parents having high expectations for child. The nurse: educated; moral character; correct speech; voice. [Good things are easily changed for the worse but when will you turn vice into virtues?] Parents having as much ed. as possible. Start with Greek; will pick up Latin. Roman studies were derived from Greek studies. Give attention to both languages; neither one will hurt the other. Methods of Primary Instruction Methods of Primary Instruction Read 15 and 19 on p. 63: Is Quintilian in favor of teaching alphabetical letters before age 7? How do you know? Methods of Primary Instruction Methods of Primary Instruction 20: The role of play, jealousy, competition, awards? 25: Why does Quintilian disapprove the practice of teaching the names (pronunciation) and order of the letter before their forms (appearance)? 26: what are the ivory letters? What is their modern equivalency? 28: what is the ideal handwriting? Why? 29: reading is retarded by undue haste. Comparative Merits of Private & Comparative Merits of Private & Public Education Is Quintilian in favor of private (home) or public education? How does he make his case? The case against public education: 1. Home is safer on moral grounds. 2. At home the teacher devotes more time to the student. How does Quintilian refute point #1 (in schools morals are corrupted)? (4, 5, 6) Corruption happens in the home also. The child’s natural disposition and the care given to him are the key. Seclusion offers an opportunity for evil practice. Interaction with slaves. We ourselves corrupt our children! Discerning Ability in the Young Discerning Ability in the Young & of Handling Them Ability & natural dispositions: Memory the chief indication of ability: Ease in acquiring knowledge Accuracy in retaining it Imitation: reproduces what is taught. Is Quintilian in favor of corporal punishment? For what reason? (14~17) Disgusting; an insult. Not necessary of properly supervised. Coercion by blows will not work for grown youth who are not driven by fear. Shame; fear; humiliates the spirit; sick at heart. The Character & Responsibilities The Character & Responsibilities of the Teacher It is of special importance that the moral character of the teacher should be considered. Why? The age of the pupils makes it more necessary to mention it. What responsibilities should teachers have? (5, 6, 7) The Character & Responsibilities The Character & Responsibilities of the Teacher It is of special importance that the moral character of the teacher should be considered. Why? The age of the pupils makes it more necessary to mention it. What responsibilities should teachers have? (5, 6, 7) He must have no vices himself and tolerate none in his pupils. He must constantly dwell upon the honorable and the good; for the more he admonishes his pupils the less he will require to punish them. Be stern but not melancholy (preventing dislike). Friendly but not familiar (preventing contempt). ...
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This note was uploaded on 06/01/2011 for the course EDU 341 taught by Professor Zaho during the Spring '11 term at Moraine Valley Community College.

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