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Essay Questions - Exercise 36 Anatomy of Respiratory System...

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Exercise 36 Anatomy of Respiratory System Know and identify the following structures of the respiratory system from a model, diagram, slide, or preserved specimen: Models: External Nares, Nasal Septum, Nasal Conchae, Paranasal Sinuses, Hard Palate, Soft Palate, Internal Nares Pharynx: Nasopharynx, Oropharynx, Laryngopharynx Tonsils: Pharyngeal (adenoids), Lingual, Palatine Hyoid bone. Larynx: o Thyroid cartilage, Cricoid cartilage, Arytenoid cartilage, Epiglottis, Cuneiform cartilage, corniculate cartilage. o Glottis. o True vocal cords, false vocal cords. o Laryngeal Prominence (Adam’s apple). o Cricothyroid membrane. o Cricotracheal ligament. o Thyrohyoid membrane. Trachea. o Cartilage rings, ligaments Primary bronchi (left and right), Secondary bronchi, Tertiary bronchi, Terminal bronchiole, Respiratory bronchiole, Alveolar duct, Alveolar sac, Alveoli Respiratory membrane Lung: o Location, Hilum, Apex, Base, Longitudinal fissure, horizontal fissure, Cardiac notch, Lobes of the lungs. o Anterior, posterior, lateral, and medial surfaces Pleura : Visceral Pleura, Parietal Pleura, Pleural Cavity Slides Identify the cells, tissues, and layers in a slide of respiratory structures: Trachea: o Lumen, mucosa, Submucosa, Adventitia o Pseudostratified ciliated epithelium, Hyaline cartilage, Goblet cells, Seromucous glands in submucosa, Trachealis Muscle Lungs: o Alveolar sac, Alveolar duct, Alveoli, Respiratory bronchioles o Bronchioles: lumen, cartilage plate, smooth muscle, lamina propria, epithelium 1
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Exercise 37A Respiratory System Physiology Know and explain how inhalation and exhalation occurs. Contrast the mechanics of quiet breathing and forced breathing. Know the “spirometry equation:” VC = TV + IRV + ERV Perform and interpret spirometry (experiment, values, or graphs) Tidal Volume (TV) Inspiratory Reserve Volume (IRV) Expiratory Reserve Volume (ERV) Vital Capacity (VC) Minute Respiratory Volume (MRV) Respiratory Rate Know the relative (normal) volumes for TV and VC and total lung capacity.
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