Unformatted text preview: mating process, and lastly he could arrange pairings between individuals that differed from each other in recognizable traits such as different flower colors or the shape of the seed. Mendel concluded six major principles during his works. One principle describes how alleles make a gene separate from others during the formation of sex cells known as segregation. Another principle describes how Mendel discovered that in every pair of allels, one is dominant over the other. An example of this is if a gene contains an allele for Yellow being (Y) and an allele for a not Yellow color (n), the flower would produce in Yellow. This is due to the Y being dominant over n. A third principle concluded by Mendel pertains to how a gene is capable of determining a plant’s petal color, size and length, and shapes. This was considered in his law of assortment....
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