Security_Market - Security Market Reasons for Issuing...

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Security Market
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Reasons for Issuing Equity To expand its business, a company, at some point, needs to raise money. To do this, it can either borrow by taking a loan or raise funds by offering prospective investors a stake in the company --- which is known as issuing stock. A company usually borrows from banks and/or financial institutions. This is called ‘debt financing’. On the other hand, issuing stock is called ‘equity financing’ . While raising loans is used for temporary cash requirements (such as borrowing to fund a project), issuing stock is used to raise funds of a permanent nature . While a lender gets interest for the loan given to the company, an equity shareholder gets a share.
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Stocks …… Stocks, also known as Equities, are shares in a company. It is the certificate of ownership of a corporation. In simple terms, when you invest in a company's stock or buy its shares, you own part of a company. Thus, as a stockholder, you share a portion of the profit the company may make, as well as a portion of the loss a company may take. As the company keeps doing better, your stocks will increase in value and yield higher dividends . Dividend: A sum of money, determined by a company's directors, paid to shareholders of a corporation out of its earnings.
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Limited liability Another extremely important feature of equity is its limited liability, which means that, as a part-owner of the company, you are not personally liable if the company is not able to pay its debts. In case of other entities such as partnerships, if the partnership goes bankrupt, the partners are personally liable towards the creditors/lenders and they may have to sell off their personal assets like their house, car, furniture, etc., to make good the loss. In case of holding equity shares, the maximum value you can lose is the value of your investment. Even if a company of which you are a shareholder goes bankrupt, you can never lose your personal assets.
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Stock Market Trading history of India 1854 , trading in India found a permanent address, Dalal Street, now synonymous with the oldest stock Exchange in Asia, The Bombay Stock Exchange. With a heritage that goes back to over 130 years, BSE was the first stock exchange in the country to be granted permanent recognition under the Securities Contract Regulation Act, 1956. The exchange has played a pioneering role in the development of the Indian Securities Market - one of the oldest in the world. After India gained independence, the BSE formulated a comprehensive set of guidelines adopted by the Indian Capital markets. Even today, the BSE Sensex remains one of the parameters against which the robustness of the Indian Economy and finance is measured. 1993, NSE or National Stock Exchange was recognized as a Stock Exchange. Within just a few years, trading on both the exchanges shifted from an open outcry system to an automated trading environment.
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Stock market milestones 1875 BSE established the native Share and Stock Brokers Association s '' 1956 BSE became the first stock exchange to be
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