EX2 Terms - Chapter 4 Key Terms Aerobic: using oxygen....

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Aerobic: using oxygen. Anaerobic: not using oxygen Archaea: one of life’s three domains; consists of prokaryotes that are only distantly related to members of the domain Bacteria. Bacteria: one of life’s three domains; consists of prokaryotes that are only distantly related to members if the domain Archaea. Basal Body: a structure resembling a centriole that produces a cilium or flagellum and anchors this structure within the plasma membrane. Central Vacuole: a large, fluid filled vacuole occupying most of the volume od mant plant cells; performs several functions, including maintaining turgor pressure. Centriole: in animal cells, a short, barrel-shaped ring consisting of nine microtubule triplets; a microtubule-containing-structure at the base of each cilium abd flagellum; gives rise to the microtubules of cilia and flagella and is involved in spindle formation during cell division. Chlorophyll: a pigment found in chloroplasts that captures light energy during photosynthesis; absorbs violet, clue, and red light but reflects green light. Chloropast: The organelle in plants and plant like protists, that is the site of photosynthesis; surrounded by a double membrane and containing an extensive internal membrane system that bears chlorophyll. Chromatin: the complex of DNA and proteins that makes up eukaryotic chromosomes. Chromosome: a single DNA double helix together with proteins that help organize the DNA.
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EX2 Terms - Chapter 4 Key Terms Aerobic: using oxygen....

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