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Unformatted text preview: Criminal Justice 2350 Court Systems and Criminal Procedure EXAM 4 REVIEW Chapter 15: Summary • The terms verdict means a t rue declaration • In a bench t rial, the judge describes the verdict • In a jury trial, the jury decides the verdict. • If the judge believes that the prosecution has failed to establish the guilt of the defendant, the judge should enter a directed verdict of acquittal. • A mistrial occurs when, because of an event, the judge concludes that a fair t rial is impossible. • The pronouncement of judgment is normally considered the oral sentencing of the defendant by the judge in open court, but technically it also includes the written judgment of the judge. • The defendant may appeal his or her conviction or sentence or both. • The prosecution has only limited rights of appeal. Chapter 16: Summary • Blood feuds resulted when it became a family responsibility to avenge a wrong. • Imprisonment as punishment was not used in early English history. • Banishment was one of the first forms of punishment. • The colonies permitted the use of whipping as punishment. • Today, imprisonment is one of the most common forms of punishment. • In most states, the judge determines the sentence. In a few states, like Texas, the defendant may choose to be sentenced by a jury. • Most states require a presentence investigation prior to the imposition of a sentence for a felony conviction. • Probation is one of the most popular forms of punishment today. • The U.S. Constitution prohibits cruel and unusual punishments....
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- Spring '08
- Habeas corpus, Summa ry, mistr ial