Chapter 1 Notes

Chapter 1 Notes - Supreme Cour t of the US US Cour ts of...

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Unformatted text preview: Supreme Cour t of the US US Cour ts of appeals (11+DC) Federal Circuit cour ts Distr ict appeals from stat e cour ts I n 50 stat es US Distr ict Cour ts With Federal and Local Jur isdiction Distr ict cour t I n Pat ent matt ers Cour t of I nt er national Trade Claims Cour ts US distr ict cour ts With federal jur isdiction only Administrative quasi-judicial agencies Cour ts of Limited Jur isdiction General Tr ial Cour t I nt er mediat e Cour t of Appeals Stat e Cour t of Last Resor t Federal Magistrates US Distr ict Cour ts US Cour t of Appeals State Cour ts US Supreme Cour t Federal Cour ts a civil or pr ivat e wrong. ction associat ed with a tor t law is y damages. vidual br ings the action. ties can appeal. viduals receive damages as compensation for har m done. Administrative and judicial Agencies 94 US Distr ict Cour ts of Ar my, Navy, Mar ine Cor p, Coast Guard, and Air Force. US Cour t of Militar y Appeals US Cour t of Appeals US Supreme Cour t Chapter 1: Historical development of the Justice system Judicial Guidance: Judicial Options: judicial options construe the constitutionality, meaning, and effect of the constitutional and statutory provisions. Court Rules: consist of the various standard procedures used by the courts that were developed as a result of the courts inherent supervisory power over the administration of the criminal justice system. Goals of the Justice system:-Orientation goals-Pragmatic goals (preventing crime, diverting offenders, deterring crime, controlling criminals, and rehabilitating offenders.)-Abstract goals: (fairness, efficiency, effectiveness, justice) Standards 1.4 duty to improve the law 2.7 relations with the police 4.11 Priority case scheduling 6.5 further review Justice System and process Police Courts Correctional Institutions Evolution of Criminal Procedure-Based on English common law-Colonist brought traditions and concepts from England-English common law became the common law for the colonies-During and shortly after the American Revolution, there was hostility toward the English in the colonies-Most new founded states enacted new codes and statutes defining criminal acts and establishing criminal procedure. (based on common law concepts.)establishing criminal procedure....
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This note was uploaded on 05/30/2011 for the course CJ 2350 taught by Professor Todd during the Spring '08 term at Texas State.

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Chapter 1 Notes - Supreme Cour t of the US US Cour ts of...

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