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Chapter 1 Notes - civil or pr ivat e wr ong US dist t ion...

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Supreme Court of the US US Courts of appeals (11+DC) Federal Circuit courts District appeals from state courts In 50 states US District Courts With Federal and Local Jurisdiction District court In Patent matters Court of International Trade Claims Courts US district courts With federal jurisdiction only Administrative quasi-judicial agencies Courts of Limited Jurisdiction General Trial Court Intermediate Court of Appeals State Court of Last Resort Federal Magistrates US District Courts US Court of Appeals State Courts US Supreme Court Federal Courts a civil or private wrong. ction associated with a tort law is y damages. vidual brings the action. ties can appeal. viduals receive damages as compensation for harm done. Administrative and judicial Agencies 94 US District Courts w of Army, Navy, Marine Corp, Coast Guard, and Air Force. US Court of Military Appeals US Court of Appeals US Supreme Court Chapter 1: Historical development of the Justice system Judicial Guidance: Judicial Options: judicial options construe the constitutionality, meaning, and effect of the constitutional and statutory provisions. Court Rules: consist of the various standard procedures used by the courts that were developed as a result of the courts inherent supervisory power over the administration of the criminal justice system. Goals of the Justice system: -Orientation goals -Pragmatic goals (preventing crime, diverting offenders, deterring crime, controlling criminals, and rehabilitating offenders.) -Abstract goals: (fairness, efficiency, effectiveness, justice) Standards 1.4 duty to improve the law 2.7 relations with the police 4.11 Priority case scheduling 6.5 further review Justice System and process Police Courts Correctional Institutions Evolution of Criminal Procedure -Based on English common law -Colonist brought traditions and concepts from England -English common law became the common law for the colonies
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-During and shortly after the American Revolution, there was hostility toward the English in the colonies -Most new founded states enacted new codes and statutes defining criminal acts and establishing criminal procedure. (based on common law concepts.)
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