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Unformatted text preview: stody o rd of ar rest o f charge, advice of r ights, setting of bail f evidence against the defendant eview of evidence by grand jur y; charge filed by prosecution r the plea; defendant elects tr ial by jur y or judge t ed, or tr ial scheduled Chapter 4: Initial Appearance Key Words: Arraignment- a hearing before a court having jurisdiction in which the identity of the defendant is established, the defendant is informed of the charges and of his or her rights, and in some states the defendant is required to enter a plea Bail- a form of pretrial release in which the defendant is required to post money or property to ensure his or her presence in trial Bounty hunters- individuals who hunt persons who have violated the terms of their bail and did not appear in court Complaint- a written statement made upon oath before a judge, magistrate, or official authorized by law to issue warrants of arrest, setting forth essential facts constituting an offense and alleging that the defendant committed the offense Demurrer- the formal mode of disputing the sufficiency in law of the pleadings contained in the complaint Exoneration of bail- the courts act in dissolving bail after the defendant has appeared in court as required Initial appearance- the 1 st appearance by the defendant in a criminal case before a judge. Generally, at the initial appearance, the defendant is informed of the charges against him or her and advised of his or her rights. In some states it is the same as an arraignment Material witness- a witness whose presence is deemed necessary for the trial of the case. A person designated as a material witness may be required to post security to ensure his or her presence in trial Purpose of Initial Appearance-the first appearance by the defendant in a criminal case before a judge. Generally, at the initial appearance, the defendant is informed of the charges against him or her and advised of his or her rights. In some states it is the same as an arraignment. -the basic right of an arrested person to be taken before a magistrate without unnecessary delay....
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- Spring '08