Chapter 9 Notes

Chapter 9 Notes - 1 CJ 2350 Court Systems and Criminal...

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1 CJ 2350 Court Systems and Criminal Procedure Chapter 9: Pretrial Motions, Hearings, and Plea Negotiations Key Terms: Motion to suppress evidence- a motion presented prior to trial to determine the admissibility of certain items of evidence Negotiated plea- a plea that has been agreed upon by the defendant and the state; a plea bargain Notice of alibi defense- a requirement that the defendant provide the prosecution with advance notice that an alibi defense will be used Pretrial discovery- the right of parties to obtain evidence from the other parties prior to the commencement of the trial Severance- the act of dividing multiple charges or defendants into separate trials PRETRIAL RIGHT OF DISCOVERY - Pretrial discovery-  the right of parties to obtain evidence from the other parties prior to the  commencement of the trial -The right of discovery, or inspection, is more closely related to the subject of evidence that to  the procedures in the justice system. Defendant’s Right of Discovery -The right of pretrial discovery was created primarily for the benefit of the defendant. -The right would also enable the defense attorney to better cross-examine the witnesses for the  prosecution and assist in impeaching witnesses who have questionable credibility.  What the Defendant May Inspect - Upon request of the defendant the government shall permit the defendant to inspect and copy or photograph books, papers, documents, photographs, tangible objects, buildings or places, or copies or portions thereof, which are in the prosecution, custody or control of government, and which are material to the preparation of his defense or are intended for the use by the
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2 government as evidence in chief at the trial, or were obtained deom or belong to the defendant. -The defendant is entitled to the names and addresses of witnesses whom the government  intends to call in case preparation, as well as any record prior to felony convictions of such  witnesses.  -The defendant is also permitted to inspect and copy any statements made to officers of the  government as well as his or her prior criminal record.  Denial of the Right of Discovery  -This right is a one-way street created with the defendant.  -Permitting the defendant the right to pretrial discovery would enable him or her to secure  perjured testimony and to fabricate evidence to meet the prosecution’s case.  -The chance of witnesses for the prosecution being intimidated is increased if the defendant  learns prior to the trial the names and addresses of witnesses and the nature of their testimony.  Prosecution’s Right of Pretrial Discovery -The right would compel the defendant to be a witness against himself or herself. -The prosecution must prove the defendant guilty beyond reasonable doubt and that nay 
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Chapter 9 Notes - 1 CJ 2350 Court Systems and Criminal...

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