Chapter 22: Instructions221CHAPTER 22: INSTRUCTIONSChapter outline•Planning•Organizing•Testing and revisingKey guidelines for instructions•Write an introduction that explains what the instructions will enable readers to do •List the materials and equipment in a logical order•Keep each step short and on a separate line•To make a long list of steps easier to follow, break them into catego-ries•Use pictures to illustrate the steps•Warn readers of dangers and hazards in emphatic terms•Test a draft of the instructions with a user and then revise accordinglyDepending on your project, you may need to write instructions for users tobuild, operate, fix, or maintain your design. For example, a toy designed forchildren with disabilities might include instructions for assembling, cleaning,storing, and safely using the toy. In addition, you may find it useful to writeinformal instructions for teammates to help them complete different tasks.It’s wise to draft instructions early because doing so can help you figure outspecifications and uncover problems with a design. In addition, you may needto draft instructions for users who will test design mockups.22.1 PLANNINGAs with all technical writing, keep in mind the purpose, audience, and tonewhen writing instructions.
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