Lecture7a - Lecture #7 a: Personality Traits. 1) TRAIT...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Lecture #7 a: Personality Traits. 1) TRAIT THERORY a. Traits are stable qualities-displayed in diverse settings b. Traits carried around inside the person i. In some ways they are built in-inborn, genetic factors or learning c. IMPORTANT GOAL i. To identify the elements of personality ii. Describe people using these elements iii. Once have elements can use them to describe behavior iv. more importantly explain behavior using theories about the processes that underlie these traits 2) SINGLE TRAIT APPROACH-Trait Theory a. Focus on a single traits and how it affects outcomes that a person experiences i. Someone has an idea there is a single trait and that trait has a particular significance for a broad range of outcomes, or at least a set of outcomes within a particularly important domain b. Researchers then begin to focus on this single trait to see whether a better understanding of it will lead to progress in understanding consequential outcomes. c. THREE TYPES OF INVESTIGATION i. Focus on measurement issues, delineating the structure, optimal techniques for measuring it ii. Turn to an investigation of the outcomes that are related to construct 1. Example-evidence that trait has impor. Implications for behaviors in health, work and relationship domains- researchers investigate these links iii. Look at inputs to the trait attempting to identify the processes that are responsible for indiv. Differences in characteristics d. QUESTIONS i. What is its structure and how can we measure it? what outcomes does it predict? what are the processes that underlie it? e. ADVANTAGES i. Learn a lot about a narrow topic 1. Makes theoretical development proceed quickly f. AUTHORITARIAN i. Motivation for development came from WWII-rise of Nazism 1. Personality alone can’t explain- cultural differences in basic personality traits are not so great for explaining why things happen in one place and not another 2. Wide range of sociological factors affect ii. Interest in these events led to the development of this trait iii. Most research focuses on why some indiv. within a culture are higher in some traits iv. “Berkeley Group” of psychologists-conducted some of the earlier work 1. initial investigations not focused on broad trait-on something narrower 2. investigation led to many things they were interested were correlated and seemed to form a broad personality dimension
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
3. initial efforts to measure anti-Semitism-noticed correlated with indicators of ethnocentrism and prejudice=broaded scale to capture these constructs 4. realized correlated with broad range of political views that had no connections to prejudice or ethnocentrism 5. DEVELOPED THE California F-Scale (f=fascism v. California F-Scale-measures subscales of conventionalism, authoritarian submission, auth. Aggression, anti-intraception, superstition and stereotypy, power and toughness, destructiveness, cynicism, projectivity, and sexual repression. vi. Investigation into structure helps clarify processes underlying trait- come
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 06/02/2011 for the course PSYCHOLOGY 236 taught by Professor Lucas during the Spring '11 term at Michigan State University.

Page1 / 7

Lecture7a - Lecture #7 a: Personality Traits. 1) TRAIT...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online