psy 1 - What is psychology Psychology defined The...

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5/31/11 What is psychology? Psychology defined The scientific study of the behavior of the individual and their mental processes Scientific method defined Set of procedures used for gathering and interpreting objective information in a way that minimizes error and yields dependable generalizations.
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5/31/11 What is psychology? Behavior defined the observable actions by which an organism adjusts to its environment Observable: smiling, crying, running Not direct observable: love, desiring, contemplating, forgetting.
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5/31/11 What is psychology? Psychologist examine through observation what the individual does, and how the individual goes about doing it. The individual may be any organism with observable behavior Examine may take place in a lab or the natural habitat of individuals
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5/31/11 What is psychology? Mental processes Workings of the mind play a critical role in behavior Thinking, planning and reasoning
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5/31/11 Describing what happens Behavioral data defined Reports of observations about behavior and conditions under which behavior occurs of changes
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5/31/11 Explaining what happens Explanation look to explain how behavior works Most behavior is influenced by a combination of factors Internal factors External factors
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5/31/11 Predicting what will happen Based on an understanding of the ways events relate to each other Suggests what mechanisms link those events to certain predictors Specifies conditions external and internal in which we predict behaviors will change Predictions should be worded such
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5/31/11 Historical foundations Hermann Ebbinghaus (German psychologist, 1850~1909) Psychology has along past, but only a short history Questions asked long ago are being answered today by innovate
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5/31/11 Historical foundations Plato (Greek philosopher, 427~347 B.C.) How does the mind work What is nature of free will Rooted in the nativist view that people begin life with mental structure that constrain experience
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5/31/11 Historical foundations Aristotle (Greek philosopher,384~322 B.C.) Rooted in the empiricist view that people begin life with their mind as a blank tablet “it is the mark of an educated mind to be able to entertain a thought without accepting it
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5/31/11 Historical foundations John Locke (English physician and philosopher, 1632~1704) Extensively articulated the empiricist view, follow Aristo Believed that the mind begins as a blank slate or tabula rasa; minds acquire information through experience.
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Historical foundations Immanuel Kant (German philosopher, 1724~1804) Nativist view follow Plato
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This note was uploaded on 05/31/2011 for the course PSY 101 taught by Professor Dan during the Spring '08 term at SUNY Buffalo.

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psy 1 - What is psychology Psychology defined The...

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