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Alcohols - Alcohols Alcohol An organic compound...

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Alcohols Alcohol: An organic compound characterized by the presence of a hydroxyl functional group, R-OH In alcohols, one of the two H atoms in H 2 O is replaced by an alkyl group. Alcohols: The alcohol in wine and beer is more correctly called ethanol. Ethanol- formed by yeast, a fungus that derives its energy from breaking down sugars and producing carbon dioxide as well as ethanol as waste. Other alcohols produced by living organisms include: - Cholesterol - Retinol (Vitamin A) Although ethanol is not toxic as other alcohols, it is recognized as a central nervous system depressant and a narcotic poison. Naming Alcohols: -In the IUPAC system of naming alcohols, the –OH functional group is named –ol and is added to the parent prefix of the parent alkane. -If there is more than 2 C and more than 1 –OH group, then a numbering system must be used to determine where the –OH group is in relation to the position Carbon atoms.
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